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|Title: ||Bioactive properties and chemical composition of six walnut (Juglans regia L.) cultivars|
|Authors: ||Pereira, J.A.|
Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.
Estevinho, Leticia M.
|Keywords: ||Juglans regia L.|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Citation: ||Pereira, J.A.; Oliveira, I.; Sousa, A.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Bento, Albino; Estevinho, Letícia M. (2008) - Bioactive properties and chemical composition of six walnut (Juglans regia L.) cultivars. Food and Chemical Toxicology. ISSN 0278-6915. 46:6, p. 2103-2111|
|Abstract: ||The chemical composition, antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity were studied in six walnuts (Juglans regia L.) cultivars (cv. Franquette, Lara, Marbot, Mayette, Mellanaise and Parisienne) produced in Portugal. Concerning their chemical composition the main
constituent of fruits was fat ranging from 78.83% to 82.14%, being the nutritional value around 720 kcal per 100 g of fruits. Linoleic acid
was the major fatty acid reaching the maximum value of 60.30% (cv. Lara) followed by oleic, linolenic and palmitic acids. The aqueous
extracts of walnut cultivars were investigated by the reducing power assay, the scavenging effect on DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl)
radicals and b-carotene linoleate model system. All the walnut extracts exhibited antioxidant capacity in a concentration-
dependent manner being the lowest EC50 values obtained with extracts of cv. Parisienne. Their antimicrobial capacity was also
checked against gram positive (Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) and gram negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa,
Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae) and fungi (Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans), revealing activity against the different
|Appears in Collections:||BB - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI|
CIMO - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI
PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI
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