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Title: Health-related physical fitness is associated with selected sociodemographic and behavioral factors in brazilian school children
Author: Guedes, Dartagnam Pinto
Neto, J.M.
Lopes, Vítor P.
Silva, A.J.
Keywords: Criterion-referenced standards
Fitness surveillance
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Citation: Guedes, D.P.; Neto, J.M.; Lopes, Vítor P.; Silva, A.J.S. (2012) - Health-related physical fitness is associated with selected sociodemographic and behavioral factors in brazilian school children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. ISSN 1543-5474. 9:4, p. 473-480
Series/Report no.: 9;4
Abstract: This study investigated the association between sociodemographic and behavioral factors and health standards based on physical fitness component scores in a sample of Brazilian schoolchildren. Methods: A sample of 1457 girls and 1392 boys aged 6 to 18 years performed a test battery of 5 items: 1) sit-and-reach, 2) curl-up, 3) trunk-lift, 4) push-up, and 5) progressive endurance run (PACER). The cut-off scores for gender and age suggested by the FitnessGram were adopted. Results: The findings showed that the sociodemographic and behavioral factors significantly associated with the ability of schoolchildren of meeting the health standards varied according to the fitness test. In the 5 tests used girls presented lower chance of meeting the health standards. Age and socioeconomic class were negatively associated with the performance in all physical tests. Schoolchildren aged ≤ 9 years or from families of lowest socioeconomic class presented approximately twice the chance of meeting the health standards than those aged ≥ 15 years and from more privileged families, specifically in the push-up (OR = 2.40; 95% CI 2.01–2.82) and PACER (OR = 2.18; 95% CI 1.84–2.54) tests. Conclusions: Interventions to promote health-related physical fitness should not only consider gender and age of schoolchildren, but also selected sociodemographic and behavioral factors, especially socioeconomic class and leisure activities.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1543-5474
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Appears in Collections:DCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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