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Title: Motor coordination, physical activity and fitness as predictors of longitudinal change in adiposity during childhood
Authors: Lopes, Vítor P.
Maia, José A.R.
Rodrigues, Luis Paulo
Malina, Robert M.
Keywords: Children
Movement skill
Motor development
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Lopes, Vítor P.; Rodrigues, Luis Paulo; Maia, J.A.R.; Malina, R.M. (2012) - Motor coordination, physical activity and fitness as predictors of longitudinal change in adiposity during childhood. ISSN 1746-1391. 12:4, p. 384-391
Series/Report no.: 12;4
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of motor coordination (MC), physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA) on the development of subcutaneous adiposity in a sample of children followed longitudinally from 6 to 10 years of age. Participants were 142 girls and 143 boys. Height, weight, and the triceps and subscapular skinfolds were measured annually between the ages of 6 and 10 years. PA was estimated with the Godin–Shephard questionnaire. MC was evaluated with the Körperkoordination Test für Kinder (KTK) test battery, and PF was assessed with four Fitnessgram tests: curl-ups (CU), push-ups (PU), trunk-lifts (TL) and one mile run/walk (MRW). Hierarchical linear modelling with MC, PF items and PA as predictors of the sum of two skinfolds (SKF) was used. The results showed that boys and girls differed significantly in SKF at baseline (girls: 19.7 mm; boys: 16.6 mm). Three PF items (CU, PU and MRW) and MC had a positive influence on SKF. For each unit improvement in CU, PU, MRW and MC, SKF was reduced by 0.06, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.12 mm, respectively. In conclusion, motor coordination, muscular strength and endurance, and aerobic endurance attenuated the accumulation of subcutaneous adipose tissue during childhood.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1746-1391
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:DCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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