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|Title:||The phenomenon of private tutoring: Implications for public education|
Ribeiro, Maria Isabel
|Publisher:||New England Educational Research Organization|
|Citation:||Bento, A.; Ribeiro, M. (2011) - The phenomenon of private tutoring: implications for public education. In 43th Annual Meeting of the New England Educational Research Organization. New Bedford|
|Abstract:||This research study intended to describe and to analyze the nature of the phenomenon of private tutoring in the Autonomous Region of Madeira. The 413 respondents, secondary senior students, have ages between the 17 and 23 years. Of the total of respondents, 56.4% were of feminine gender and 42.1% were of masculine gender. During secondary education, a significant number of students attended weekly private tutoring sessions, on the 11th and 12th grades, 44% and 41.9%, respectively. Mathematics is the subject that makes the majority of students to look for this type of educative service (87,7%). A great part of students spend between 4 and 6 hours, weekly (68,4%) in private Centres (66,7%) and the financial expenses average 80 dollars a month (56,7%). The majority of the students consider positive (87,7%) the frequency of private tutoring sessions. This parallel educational issue raises important questions that need to be studied and reflected on: a) the inequity introduced in the student population - are the prosperous families that can get the better and longer private tutoring services. In Portugal, the government introduced legislation (1999 and 2005) in order to regulate this phenomenon (i.e., permission needed for teachers to provide private tutoring and prohibition to provide private tutoring to own students or students of their own schools) however, this legislation has not been followed neither controlled; b) the other important question is the quality of public education – public schools are not providing the educational services that families and students look for; c) another important question is related to rankings of schools – the schools that are on the first places (which in Portugal are private schools) are benefiting from the private tutors who prepare their students introducing one aggravation for public schools which are not able to select their students. These issues need to be addressed in future studies.|
|Appears in Collections:||CSE - Artigos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
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