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Title: Evaluation of cheese authenticity and proteolysis by HPLC and urea-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
Author: Veloso, Ana C.A.
Peres, António M.
Mendonça, Álvaro
Teixeira, Natércia
Ferreira, Isabel M.P.L.V.O.
Keywords: Cheese
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Veloso, Ana C.A.; Peres, António M.; Mendonça, Álvaro; Teixeira, Natércia; Ferreira, Isabel M.P.L.V.O. (2004) - Evaluation of cheese authenticity and proteolysis by HPLC and urea-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Food Chemistry. ISSN 0308-8146. 87:2, p. 289-295
Abstract: Chromatographic and electrophoretic methods have been established as useful tools in characterising cheese ripening and in the detection of milk adulteration. The purpose of this work was to evaluate casein proteolysis of cheeses made from bovine, ovine or mixtures of bovine and ovine milks, as well as ovine cheese authenticity, for 30 days of ripening by HPLC and urea–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Complementary information was obtained by both techniques when applied to the study of casein proteolysis during 30 days of ripening of ovine milk cheeses, ovine milk cheeses with 10% and 20% of bovine milk and bovine milk cheeses, manufactured according to the traditional Terrincho technology. For ovine cheeses, a-casein was the fraction that showed the higher degradation during cheese ripening. A similar behaviour was observed for ovine milk cheese with 10% of bovine milk. The profile for ovine milk cheese with 20% of bovine milk was more similar to that obtained for bovine cheese. Concerning bovine milk cheeses, electrophoresis was the most sensitive technique for the evaluation of proteolysis in these cheeses. Ten and 20% of bovine milk could be detected in ovine milk cheeses by urea–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and HPLC, respectively, even after 30 days of ripening.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0308-8146
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Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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