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Title: Monitoring of ochratoxin a exposure of the Portuguese population through a nationwide urine survey – Winter 2007
Authors: Duarte, S.
Bento, J.M.V.
Pena, A.
Lino, C.M.
Delerue-Matos, C.
Oliva-Teles, T.
Morais, S.
Correia, M.
Oliveira, M.B.P.P.
Alves, M.R.
Pereira, J.A.
Keywords: Ochratoxin A
National survey
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Duarte, S.; Bento, J.; Pena, A.; Lino, C.M.; Delerue-Matos, C.; Oliva-Teles, T.; Morais, S.; Correia; M.; Oliveira, M.B.P.P.; Alves, M.R.; Pereira, J.A. (2010) - Monitoring of ochratoxin A exposure of the Portuguese population through a nationwide urine survey – Winter 2007. Science of the Total Environment. ISSN 0048-9697. 408:5, p. 1195-1198
Abstract: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by a variety of fungi, such as Penicillium verrucosum and Aspergillium spp., which has been found to have a wide number of potentially deadly toxic effects, and can enter the human organism through a variety of means. It then finds its way into the bloodstream and, after a lengthy process, is eventually excreted through the urine. It can thus be detected in its original form not only in blood samples but also in this biological medium. As such, and in an attempt to evaluate the exposure of the Portuguese population to this mycotoxin, morning urine samples were collected during the Winter of 2007, from each of five geographically distinct Portuguese locations — Bragança, Porto, Coimbra, Alentejo, and Algarve — and subjected to extraction by immunoaffinity columns and to OTA quantification through liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection. Prevalent incidence was higher than 95% with Coimbra being the exception (incidence of 73.3%). In nearly all locations, the OTA content of most samples was found to be above the limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.008 ng/ml. Indeed, excluding Coimbra, with an OTA content level of 0.014 ng/ml, all regions featured content values over 0.021 ng/ml.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0048-9697
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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