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|Title:||Human femur assessment using isotropic and orthotropic materials dependent of bone density|
|Citation:||Fonseca, E.M.M.; Lima, M.J.; Barreira, Luísa (2009) - Human femur assessment using isotropic and orthotropic materials dependent of bone density. In 3rd International Conference on Integrity, Reliability and Failure. Porto.|
|Abstract:||The bone mass reduction and the deterioration of the tissue micron-architecture lead to a bigger fragility of the bone and to the consequent increase of the fracture risk. For this fact, it is considered excellent the quantification of the mass density and the verification of its influence in the bone resistance assessment. The apparent density is defined as the density without fluid influence, being the effective density at that includes the marrow mass, essentially fluid. This measurement is made through the use of a gray scale values on the medical image in study. The values in Hounsfield units are determined, being this scale later converted into measure of the bone density. With this measure an exponential relation will be used allowing calculate the biomechanics properties dependence for cortical and trabecular bone. With this work it is intended to assessment the susceptible weak zones, for a human femur with 70 years old, using the finite element method through ANSYS® program. The main objective is obtaining the stresses distributions, using different values of bone density and their relation with exponential laws for isotropic and orthotropic materials properties.|
|Appears in Collections:||DMA - Artigos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
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