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Title: Diet of stocked and wild trout, Salmo trutta: Is there competition for resources?
Authors: Teixeira, Amílcar
Cortes, R.
Keywords: Brown trout
Intraspecific competition
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Czschoslovak Academy of Sciences of Praha
Citation: Teixeira, Amílcar; Cortes, Rui (2006) - Diet of stocked and wild trout, Salmo trutta: Is there competition for resources? Folia Zoologica 55:1, p. 61-73
Abstract: Stocked and native trout diet was assessed in two north-eastern Portugal headstreams during the summer season of three successive years (2000 to 2002). Significant differences were detected in the diet composition between stocked (age 1+) trout and distinct size-class of native trout. Stocked fish showed preference, almost exclusively, for food items captured near the surface (primarily terrestrial adult insects), emergent pupae and subimagos. In contrast, young-of-year (YOY) native trout fed predominantly on the most available aquatic prey taxa such as Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae and Baetidae (Ephemeroptera) nymphs; however, Trichoptera larvae were not taken. Native trout preference changed from benthic aquatic invertebrates to terrestrial origin organisms and this ratio increased with size, suggesting an ontogenetic diet variation. Significant diet overlap was only detected between stocked and dominant native trout, which were not displaced from the energetically profitable areas. Therefore, this study showed the absence of an evident competition for food in both streams, even when trout density was largely augmented by stocking activity. However, since no obvious benefits on space and time were obtained, stocking must be carefully evaluated and alternative approaches considered, like habitat improvement and adequate fisheries management, in order to increase the natural productivity of these systems.
Appears in Collections:ARN - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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