Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/8755
Título: Removal of 2-nitrophenol by catalytic wet peroxide oxidation using carbon materials with different morphological and chemical properties
Autor: Ribeiro, Rui
Silva, Adrián
Figueiredo, José
Faria, Joaquim
Gomes, Helder
Palavras-chave: Carbon nanotubes
Glycerol-based carbon materials
Iron leaching
Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO)
2-Nitrophenol
Data: 2013
Citação: Ribeiro R.S.; Silva A.M.T.; Figueiredo J.L.; Faria J.L.; Gomes H.T. (2013) - Removal of 2-nitrophenol by catalytic wet peroxide oxidation using carbon materials with different morphological and chemical properties. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. ISSN 0926-3373. 140-141, p. 356-362
Resumo: Carbon materials with distinct morphological and chemical characteristics, namely activated carbons,carbon nanotubes, glycerol-based carbon materials and carbon xerogels, were tested for the removal of 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) in aqueous solutions, either by pure adsorption or by catalytic wet peroxideoxidation (CWPO). The results obtained in adsorption experiments carried out at pH 3, T = 323 K, adsorbent load of 0.1 g L−1and 2-NP concentration of 100 mg L−1, show that, in general, the activated carbons have superior adsorption performances compared to the other carbon materials tested, exhibiting removals of 2-NP up to316 mg g−1after 150 min of adsorption.In the CWPO experiments, whilst the activated carbons and carbon xerogels were not able to improvethe removal of 2-nitrophenol, in comparison with the removals observed in pure adsorption experimentsperformed at the same conditions, the use of carbon nanotubes (CNT) and a glycerol-based carbon mate-rial (GBCM) resulted in increments in the removal of 2-NP as high as 83% and 56%, respectively. Removals of about 80% after only 30 min and higher than 90% after 150 min of reaction (equivalent to 929 mg g−1) are reached when using CNT as catalysts. The leaching of Fe (present as impurity in the CNT) at the end ofthe CWPO experiment was found to be negligible. The opposite was observed for classical iron supportedon activated carbons, with catalytic activities resulting from the homogeneous contribution of Fe that is leached to the liquid phase. The superior performances found for CNT, makes this catalyst a promisingsystem for CWPO.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/8755
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