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Title: Evaluation of the effects, on canopy arthropods, of two agricultural management systems to control pests in olive groves from north-east of Portugal
Author: Santos, Sónia A.P.
Pereira, J.A.
Torres, L.
Nogueira, António J. A.
Keywords: Functional groups
Integrated protection
Organic farming
Principal response curves
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Santos, Sónia A.P.; Pereira, J.A.; Torres, L.M.; Nogueira, António J. A. (2007) - Evaluation of the effects, on canopy arthropods, of two agricultural management systems to control pests in olive groves from north-east of Portugal. Chemosphere. ISSN 0045-6535. 67:1, p. 131-139
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effect of management regime on canopy arthropod community of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.). Field studies were performed in two successive years, 2002 and 2003, in two olive groves, one under organic farming and the other under integrated protection. The integrated protection grove was sprayed once a year in June, with dimethoate, to control the anthophagous generation of the olive moth, Prays oleae (Bern.). From April to November of each year, the canopy arthropods were sampled weekly. PRC method was used to analyse the effect of management regime at the community level and results showed that taxa responded differently to insecticide application suggesting that the organic grove was a more suitable habitat for the arthropods than the integrated protection grove. Abundance of arthropods peaked in May and June for both years but, after spraying with dimethoate, decreased significantly in integrated protection grove, recovering very slowly thereafter. Psocoptera, Miridae, Formicidae and Coccinellidae were the most sensitive taxa to insecticide application. Their decreasing in abundance was more evident in the second year of the trial. On the other hand chrysopids showed some tolerance to insecticide applications. These results suggest that the timing of spray is of utmost importance in reducing the side effects of spraying on beneficial arthropods. Moreover, differences in population susceptibility as well as in life cycle patterns must be considered.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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