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Title: Blood flow in cylindrical stenosed channel – numerical approach
Author: Ferreira, Stéphanie
Rocha, Daniela
Dias, Ricardo P.
Fernandes, Carla S.
Keywords: Atheroma
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Ferreira, Stéphanie; Rocha, Daniela; Dias, Ricardo P.; Fernandes, Carla S. (2011) - Blood flow in cylindrical stenosed channel – numerical approach. In 5th Intenational Conference on Advanced Computational Engineering and Experimenting. Vilamoura, Portugal.
Abstract: Arthrosclerosis means literally “arteries hardening”. However, arthrosclerosis it is a generic term that is related with three patterns of vascular diseases, which have the hardening and loss of elasticity of the arteries walls as a common factor [1]. The dominant pattern is atherosclerosis, characterized by the formation of atheroma, which is comprised by fibrous plaques that generally exhibit a centre rich in lipids. In the present work, the flow of blood in a cylindrical channel, containing an atheroma at the walls, has been numerically studied using the finite-element software package POLYFLOW®. In the simulations, blood was considered an incompressible homogenous fluid and the flow regime was the laminar regime. The rheology of the mentioned fluid was described by distinct constitutive equations [2] - constant viscosity, power-law model and Carreau model. The local behaviour of properties such as pressure, interstitial velocities, shear rate and shear stress was explored in the present investigation. The local behaviour of these properties can help to understand the formation and detachment of thrombi.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:DEMAT - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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