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Título: Analysis of molecular and morphological diversity of Arbutus unedo in the interior North and Center of Portugal.
Autor: Lopes, Lucas
Sá, Olga
Baltasar, José Luís
Pereira, J.A.
Baptista, Paula
Palavras-chave: Arbutus unedo
Genetic diversity
Issue Date: 2010
Editora: Universidade do Minho
Citação: Lopes, L.; Sá, O., Baltasar, J. L., Pereira, J. A., Baptista, P. (2010) - Analysis of molecular and morphological diversity of Arbutus unedo in the interior North and Center of Portugal. In XXXV Jornadas Portuguesas de Genética. Braga
Resumo: In the Mediterranean Basin, the strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) has medicinal, ornamental, economical, and environmental importance. During the last decades, several occurrences have caused the decline of the strawberry tree in Portugal being replaced by other species. In this context, the knowledge of genetic variability in the wild populations is essential for a proper conservation. This work aimed to characterize genetically and morphological 38 A. unedo genotypes, 30 of which located in Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro region, and the remaining 8 genotypes in Beira Interior region, to assess their biodiversity. The genetic diversity was assessing by RAPD (Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA) markers. The dendrogram was obtained from the matrix of pairwise distances through the Nei and Li coefficient using the UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) grouping method. Morphological characterization was performed through the evaluation of several quantitative traits measured on 40 fresh leaves per plant. The quantitative traits analysed were leave length and width, leave length/width ratio, peduncle length and leave fresh and dry weigh. Distance matrix of morphologic data was assessed using Euclidean distance. A Mantel test was used to analyze correlations between genetic, morphological, and geographical distances. Among a total of 20 arbitrary 10-mer primers, seven produced polymorphic RAPD profile. The highest number of polymorphic loci was exhibited in the Trás-os-Montes samples and the lowest in the Beira Interior samples. The distance UPGMA tree grouped together the genotypes according to their geographical origin, showing that each sample is genetically structured. Morphological differences were also found between genotypes. However, the clustering obtained from the morphological data was different from the obtained in the RAPD analysis. In this work we discuss also the significance of the findings for the genetic variability of A. unedo.
Arbitragem científica: yes
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