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|Título:||Attack intensity of Corythucha ciliata (Hemiptera, Tingidae) on Platanus spp. in an urban area in Portugal: a comparison between pruned and unpruned trees.|
Santos, Sónia A.P.
Pinto, M. Alice
|Citação:||Gonçalves, Ana; Santos, Sónia A.P.; Pinto, M. Alice (2010) - Attack intensity of Corythucha ciliata (Hemiptera, Tingidae) on Platanus spp. in an urban area in Portugal: a comparison between pruned and unpruned trees. In IX European Congress of Entomology. Budapest|
|Resumo:||Corythucha ciliata (Say, 1832), commonly known as sycamore lace bug (SLB), is an insect species native to North America. Since its accidental introduction in Europe (through Italy) in 1964, it has expanded across most European countries. The arrival of SLB in Portugal is uncertain but its distribution is wide. Sycamore (Platanus spp.), the only host of SLB, is one of the most widespread and important urban tree species in Portugal. It provides a wide range of environmental, social and economical benefits, which have been threatened by the invasion of this pest. SLB damages trees by feeding on the underside of the leaves causing discoloration and eventually premature senescence. While the long-term effect of SLB on the health of urban trees is yet to be fully assessed, there is compelling evidence that pruning further increases SLB damage. In this study we assessed the impact of pruning on the attack intensity of SLB. To test the hypothesis that pruning promotes the invasion of SLB, we compared the intensity of attack of pruned trees with unpruned trees. We collected sycamore leaves from pruned and unpruned trees and then assessed the intensity of attack by scaling damage by visual rating. Our findings show that pruned trees exhibit significantly higher attack intensities than unpruned trees (p < 0,001, χ2 goodness of fit). Based on these findings we recommend that sycamore pruning should be performed with caution (or even ceased), especially in urban areas where SLB is present.|
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