Biblioteca Digital do Instituto Politécnico de Bragança   Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

Biblioteca Digital do IPB >
Escola Superior Agrária >
Biologia e Biotecnologia >
BB - Posters em Encontros Científicos Internacionais >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Título: Characterisation of mycoflora and aflatoxigenic fungi from portuguese almonds: from production to commercialization.
Autor: Rodrigues, Paula
Venâncio, Armando
Lima, Nelson
Palavras-chave: Aspergillus
Issue Date: 2009
Editora: University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences
Citação: Rodrigues, Paula; Venâncio, Armando; Lima, Nelson (2009) - Characterisation of mycoflora and aflatoxigenic fungi from Portuguese almonds: from production to commercialization. In International Society of Mycotoxicology Conference 2009 – “Worldwide Mycotoxin Reduction in Food and Feed Chains”. Tulln/Viena
Resumo: Aflatoxins are among the most carcinogenic natural compounds known, and have been frequently detected in numerous agricultural commodities, nut fruits being among the most contaminated ones. These toxins are a result of the secondary metabolism of fungi belonging to the genus Aspergillus Section Flavi, namelly Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus and A. nomius. The early detection of aflatoxigenic fungal contamination and the preventive control of aflatoxin production seems to be the only viable way to respond to the rigorous limits imposed by EU legislation. In Portugal, knowledge on mycoflora and mycotoxigenic profiles of almonds is scarce. Our objective was to characterise portuguese almonds in respect to mycoflora, with strong emphasis on aflatoxigenic fungi, from production to commercialization. Various samples of almonds were collected from the field, as well as during storage and processing. Environmental data have also been recorded. Samples were plated directly on MEA+10% NaCl and all fungi belonging to the genus Aspergillus isolated and identified to the group or species level. All Aspergillus belonging to Section Flavi were further characterised based on their mycotoxigenic profile, with the aim of identifying aflatoxigenic and non-aflatoxigenic strains. Fungal diversity and relative frequencies of Aspergillus spp. were determined for the various samples and correlated with environmental conditions. We have observed a progressive reduction on fungal diversity of almonds from the field to the end of processing, as well as an increase of the frequency of more xerophilic fungi, including Aspergillus Section Flavi. Concerning the latter, we report that Aspergillus parasiticus are predominantly aflatoxigenic and Aspergillus flavus are predominantly non-aflatoxigenic. Other less common species have also been identified.
Arbitragem científica: yes
Appears in Collections:BB - Posters em Encontros Científicos Internacionais

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Cong_Internac_Painel[17].pdf305,5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Please give feedback about this item
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpace
Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


© Instituto Politécnico de Bragança - Biblioteca Digital - Feedback - Statistics
Promotores do RCAAP   Financiadores do RCAAP

Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia Universidade do Minho   Governo Português Ministério da Educação e Ciência PO Sociedade do Conhecimento (POSC) Portal oficial da União Europeia