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Título: Evolution in swimming “science” research
Autor: Barbosa, Tiago M.
Pinto, Eduardo
Cruz, A.M.
Marinho, D.A.
Silva, A.J.
Reis, Vitor
Queirós, Telma Maria Gonçalves
Palavras-chave: Swimming
Issue Date: 2009
Editora: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Citação: Barbosa, Tiago M.; Pinto, Eduardo; Cruz, António; Marinho, Daniel; Silva, António; Reis, Vitor; Queirós, Telma Maria Gonçalves (2009) - Evolution in swimming “science” research. Motricidade. ISSN 1646-107X. 5:3, p. 68 e Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium of Sports Performance. Vila Real
Resumo: The aim of this study was to analyze the evolution of the swimming “science” research in the last decades. The content of all the 622 papers published in the Proceedings books of the Symposiums of Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming from 1971 to 2006 was analyzed. It was adopted the procedures described for content analysis by Queirós and Botelho (in press). The main “scientific area” applied for the study of the aquatic activities, in all manuscripts, was considered as being the category to analyze. It was defined the following sub-categories (adapted from Clarys, 1996): (i) Biomechanics; (ii) Psychology; (iii) Sociology; (iv) Pedagogy/Teaching; (v) Biochemistry; (vi) Physiology; (vii) Thermoregulation; (viii) Hydrodynamics; (ix) Electromyography; (x) Anthropometry; (xi) Equipments/Methodologies; (xii) Clinical Medicine/Traumatology and; (xiii) Interdisciplinary assessment. Intra-assessment reliability (test and re-test) was very high. There was an increasing number of papers published within the period of time analyzed (ranging from 23 papers in 1971 to 145 manuscripts in 2006. “Biomechanics” was the area of assessment most often (ranging from 27.3% in 1988 to 60% in 1979) with 37.7% of the papers, followed by the “Physiology” with 17.20%. Since 2003 it is verified an increasing number of “interdisciplinary assessment” manuscripts (e.g., 9.7% in 2003 and 21.4% in 2006, shifting from the third to second area of interest) and representing 8.52% of overall papers within the period of time analyzed.
Arbitragem científica: yes
ISSN: 1646-107X
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