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Title: The role of activated carbons functionalized with thiol and sulfonic acid groups in catalytic wet peroxide oxidation
Authors: Gomes, Helder
Miranda, Sandra
Sampaio, Maria
Figueiredo, José
Silva, Adrián
Faria, Joaquim
Keywords: Activated carbon
Surface chemistry
Sulfur containing functional groups
Sulfonic acids
Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Gomes, Helder; Miranda, Sandra, Sampaio, Maria; Figueiredo, José; Silva, Adrián; Faria, Joaquim (2011) - The role of activated carbons functionalized with thiol and sulfonic acid groups in catalytic wet peroxide oxidation, Applied Catalysis B-Environmental. 106, p. 390-397
Abstract: Norit ROX 0.8 commercial activated carbon was subjected to liquid phase treatments with sulfuric acid at different concentrations (5-18 M) and temperatures (353 and 423 K), to generate different amounts (760-1000 mu mol g(-1)) of sulfur groups (thiol and sulfonic acid), with varying surface acidity. The prepared materials were chemically characterized by the determination of the point of zero charge (2.0-5.8) and by mass titration, temperature programmed desorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, to evaluate the nature and concentration of acidic surface functionalities. The materials were tested as catalysts in the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of aqueous solutions of the acid dye Chromotrope 2R. A correlation between the surface acidic strength and the efficiency for dye removal from solution was found, which was ascribed both to adsorption and to reaction. In general, dye removal by adsorption is increased when using adsorbents with lower acidic character, due to enhanced electrostatic attraction between the acid dye and the catalyst surface. In addition, the introduction of sulfur containing groups promotes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, leading to increased production of hydroxyl radicals close to the pollutant and subsequent improved dye degradation.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:DTQB - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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