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|Title:||Bioactive and chemical properties of edible mycorrhizal mushrooms from Northeast Portugal|
Heleno, Sandrina A.
Sousa, Maria João
Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.
|Citation:||Reis, F.S; Heleno, S.A.; Barros, L.; Sousa, M.J.; Martins, A.; Santos-Buelga, C.; Ferreira, I.C.F.R. (2011) - Bioactive and chemical properties of edible mycorrhizal mushrooms from Northeast Portugal. In VIth International Workshop on edible mycorrhizal mushrooms (IWEMM6). Rabat|
|Abstract:||Mushrooms are widely appreciated all over the world for their nutritional properties1 and pharmacological value as sources of important bioactive compounds.2,3 Mycorrhizal macrofungi associate with plant roots constituting a symbiotic relationship, beneficial for both plant and fungus. In the present work five edible mycorrhizal species (Amanita caesarea, Cortinarius anomalus, Cortinarius violaceus, Lactarius volemus and Suillus luteus) from Northeast Portugal were studied for their bioactive and chemical properties. Antioxidant activity was accessed by in vitro assays: radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and lipid peroxidation inhibition. Bioactive compounds such as phenolic compounds, vitamins (ascorbic acid and tocopherols), sugars and fatty acids were obtained by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or gas-chromatography (GC) coupled to different detectors. The main compounds identified in each class were: Phenolic compounds- protocatechuic, p-hydroxybenzoic and p-coumaric acids; Tocopherols- the four isoforms ,, and ; Sugars- mannitol and trehalose; Fatty acids- oleic acid (C18:1n9), linoleic acid (C18:2n6) and palmitic acid (C16:0). A similar profile of metabolites was observed in the studied mushroom species with the order sugars > fat > ascorbic acid > phenolic compounds > tocopherols. Nevertheless, the samples revealed different compositions: prevalence of sugars in Lactarius volemus (28.22 1.81 g/100 g dw), ascorbic acid (343.96 ± 30.98 mg/100 g) and phenolic compounds (8.68 ± 0.38 mg/100 g) in Cortinarius anomalus and fat (3.45 ± 0.65 g/100 g), tocopherols (449.76 ± 52.96 g/100 g) and antioxidant activity in Suillus luteus (EC50 values 1.92 ± 0.08, 0.75 ± 0.03, 0.61 ± 0.02 mg/ml for radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and lipid peroxidation inhibition, respectively).|
|Appears in Collections:||BB - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
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