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|Título:||Levisticum officinale hairy root cultures: influence of light and light type on growth and essential oil production|
|Autor:||Lima, A. Sofia|
Sousa, Maria João
Pedro, Luís G.
Figueiredo, A. Cristina
Hairy root cultures
|Editora:||Società Italiana di Fitochimica|
|Citação:||Lima, A. S. B.; Sousa, M. J.; Pedro, L. G.; Figueiredo, A. C.; Barroso, J. G.; Deans, S. G.; Scheffer, J. J. C. (2005) - Levisticum officinale hairy root cultures: influence of light and light type on growth and essential oil production. In 53rd annual congress G A. Florença|
|Resumo:||The essential oils of Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch (Apiaceae), including those isolated from the roots, are used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries . This perennial and herbaceous plant, commonly known as lovage, is widely known by its aromatic, ornamental and medicinal properties. The effect of light and light type on growth and essential oil production of lovage hairy root cultures was studied by comparison of cultures maintained under “blue-basic” (400-550nm) and “day-light” 16h light photoperiod with control cultures maintained under darkness. All cultures were maintained in SH medium  and kept at 24ºC on orbital shakers at 80 r.p.m. Growth was evaluated by fresh weight (f.w.), dry weight (d.w.) and by the dissimilation method. The essential oil samples were isolated by distillation-extraction and analysed by GC and GC-MS. Control hairy root cultures showed a fifteen-fold d.w. biomass increase at the end of the growth period (six weeks), whereas an approximately eight-fold and ten-fold increase was obtained with “blue-basic” and “day-light” grown cultures, respectively. These differences were supported by morphological and histochemical analyses. Major changes were detected in the essential oil composition, but Z-falcarinol was in all cases the major oil constituent: in darkness, “day-light” and “blue-basic” grown cultures (75%, 94% and 61%, respectively).|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CIMO - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados à WoS/Scopus|
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