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|Title: ||Field and laboratory screening for fluvalinate-tolerant varroa populations in Portugal|
|Authors: ||Pires, Sância|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Citation: ||Pires, Sância; Maia, Miguel; Murilhas, António; Pereira, Óscar (2007) - Field and laboratory screening for fluvalinate-tolerant varroa populations in Portugal. In 40th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress. Melbourne|
|Abstract: ||Following widespread claims of decreasing Apistan field efficacy, a large screening project was put into practice towards trying to identify Portuguese Varroa populations highly tolerant to fluvalinate.
Approximately 12 thousand field-tests were carried out, for the most part based upon the “British National Bee Unit” field-testing methodology (with an extra blank control test added).
From all studied colonies, 1536 allowed for conclusive field-testing (i.e. 3 or more Varroa were submitted to fluvalinate in a given test and no abnormal Varroa mortality was found in the respective control test). Using a 60 % fluvalinate-induced Varroa mortality border line, 878 of those colonies were considered to host fluvalinate-tolerant Varroa populations. On average, 18 mites were studied per colony that tested positive for fluvalinate-tolerant Varroa populations. The overall fluvalinate therapeutic efficacy, as regards Varroa populations hosted in those colonies, was only 26.4 +- 0.6 % (mean +- s.e.m.). Capped brood samples from honey bee colonies that had field-tested positive for fluvalinate-tolerant Varroa populations were later collected to provide Varroa for laboratory reassessment of fluvalinate-tolerance (basically, following Milani’s methodology). Even though we had to discard results obtained from approximately half of the collected brood samples (adding to a total of 172 samples, as a result of the insufficient numbers of mature Varroa they hosted), in many instances field-test outcomes could be later confirmed by laboratory tests.|
|Description: ||Estudo sobre a eficácia actual do “Apistan” e do “Apivar” na luta contra a varroose em Portugal|
|Peer Reviewed: ||yes|
|Publisher version: ||www.apimondia2007.com|
|Appears in Collections:||CA - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI|
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