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Title: Laminar flow in chevron-type plate heat exchangers: CFD analysis of tortuosity, shape factor and friction factor
Authors: Fernandes, Carla S.
Dias, Ricardo P.
Nóbrega, João M.
Maia, João M.
Keywords: Plate heat exchangers
Friction factor
Shape factor
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Fernandes, Carla S.; Dias, Ricardo P.; Nóbrega, João M.; Maia, João M. (2007) - Laminar flow in chevron-type plate heat exchangers: CFD analysis of tortuosity, shape factor and friction factor. Chemical Engineering and Processing. ISSN 0255-2701. 46:9 p. 825-833
Abstract: Liquid foodstuffs with high viscosity are usually processed in plate heat exchangers (PHEs) at laminar or low Reynolds numbers, Re, flows. The tortuosity coefficient is used by the manufacturers for the design and optimization of PHE geometries. Using the finite-element computational fluid dynamics program POLYFLOW®, fully developed laminar flows in double-sine chevron-type PHEs passages are analysed in this work. The corrugation angle and channel aspect ratio of the passages vary in a broad range, PHEs with common area enlargement factors and with high area density being studied. The tortuosity coefficient and the coefficient K (Kozeny´s coefficient in granular beds) from the friction factor correlations increase with the increase of the channels aspect ratio and the decrease of the chevron angle. The shape factor from the PHEs passages also increases with the decrease of the chevron angle and is weakly influenced by the channel aspect ratio. In this paper, relations to predict the tortuosity coefficient and shape factor are proposed, the coefficient K being predicted resorting to the tortuosity coefficient and shape factor. The coefficient K compares well with literature data in the region of common chevron angles, channel aspect ratio and area enlargement factor.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0255-2701
Appears in Collections:DEMAT - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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