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Título: Collembolan morphospecies (Hexapoda: Collembola) in serpentine soils: a case study in a natural ecosystem in northeastern Portugal
Autor: Pinto, M. Alice
Rosenzweig, Margaux
Monteiro, Marisa
Fonseca, Felícia
Sousa, J. Paulo
Santos, Sónia A.P.
Palavras-chave: Collembolan
Serpentine soils
Issue Date: 2010
Citação: Pinto, M. Alice; Rosenzweig, Margaux; Monteiro, Marisa; Fonseca, Felicia; Sousa, J. Paulo; Santos, Sónia A.P. (2010) - Collembolan morphospecies (Hexapoda: Collembola) in serpentine soils: a case study in a natural ecosystem in northeastern Portugal. In IX European Congress of Entomology. Budapest
Resumo: Serpentine soils represent challenging habitats for plants and soil dwelling organisms, such as collembolans, because they typically exhibit high levels of heavy metals (e.g. chromium, cobalt, and nickel). Serpentinized areas cover about 8000 ha in Northeastern Portugal. While the plant communities are well studied, the collembolans are virtually unknown. The data presented here represent the first effort to describe the structure of a collembolan community, using morphospecies as a surrogate of species, in a serpentinized area occupied by a natural forest of Quercus rotundifolia and Quercus faginea located nearby Bragança (Portugal). Sampling was performed during the last week of September of 2008 in a serpentinized area near Bragança (Portugal). At each of the 29 sampling points (distributed along two transects) collembolans were collected with a soil core (5 cm diameter x 10 cm depth). The collembolans were extracted from the soil (using a McFadyen apparatus), sorted, counted and finally identified to morphospecies level. The number of morphospecies observed was 37. The total abundance in the mineral horizon (1862 individuals) was not significantly different from the organic horizon (1883 individuals). The Simpson Diversity Index and Richness were higher in the organic horizon (21.7 and 35 species, respectively) than in the mineral horizon (9.9 and 30 species, respectively). The species accumulation curves showed that the estimated number of morphospecies for the mineral horizon is 36 while for the organic horizon is 38.
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