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Title: Physical exercise and reduction of pain in adults with lower limb osteoarthritis: A systematic review
Authors: Escalante, Y.
Saavedra, J.
García-Hermoso, A.
Silva, A.J.
Barbosa, Tiago M.
Keywords: WOMAC
Tai Chi
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Escalante, Y.; Saavedra, J.; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Silva, A.J.; Barbosa, tiago M. (2010) - Physical exercise and reduction of pain in adults with lower limb osteoarthritis: a systematic review. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. ISSN 1053-8127. 23:4, p. 175-186
Abstract: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. The knee and hip joints are the most frequently affected. Treatments fall into three main categories: pharmacological, nonpharmacological, and surgical. Treatments can be applied alone or in combination. In the last few years, within the nonpharmacological category have been a growing importance of physical exercise programs aimed to reduce pain in knee and hip joints. The purpose of this review was to summarize evidence for the effectiveness and structure of exercise programs on pain in patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis. To that end, several databases were searched, retrieving 33 studies that evaluated the influence of different exercise programs on pain. These studies were grouped according to the characteristics of the exercise program: landbased intervention (strength program, Tai Chi, aerobic program), aquatic intervention (hydrotherapy), and mixed exercise programs. The main conclusions drawn were: (i) despite recommendations for the use of exercise programs as pain therapy in patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis, very few randomized clinical studies were conducted; (ii) the structure of the exercise programs (content, duration, frequency and duration of the session) is very heterogeneous; (iii) on
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1053-8127
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Appears in Collections:DCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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