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|Title: ||Characterization of the phenolic constituents and the antioxidant activity of Cytisus multiflorus|
|Authors: ||Pereira, Olívia R.|
Cardoso, Susana M.
|Keywords: ||Cytisus multiflorus|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||School of Food Sciense and Nutrition|
|Citation: ||Pereira, Olívia R.; Maria, Domingues; Cardoso, Susana; (2009) - Characterization of the phenolic constituents and the antioxidant activity of Cytisus multiflorus. In 4th International Conference on Polyphenols and Health. Harrogate|
|Abstract: ||The specific interest in naturally occurring antioxidants has lead to an exponential
investigation of many traditional medicinal plants, as they are potential candidates for
finding new therapeutic and supplementary health products. Cytisus multiflorus, also
known as White Spanish Broom, is a leguminous shrub native from Iberian Peninsula that
is u sed in folk medicine mainly due to its diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Still,
despite its common usage for centuries, this plant has been far less studied than other
species of the same genus.
This study aimed to determine the phenolic composition and to evaluate the antioxidant
capacity of Cytisus multiflorus. For that, an ethanolic extract was prepared and its total
phenolics and flavone contents were determined. The antioxidant activity was accessed
by measuring the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging potential.
Also, the extract was fractionated by reversed-phase HPLC and the major phenolic
compounds of each fraction were identified by ESI-MS and MSn analysis, in order to
establish the specific phenolic profile of the plant.
The total amount of phenolic compounds and of flavones accounted for 140 mg/g and 47
mg/g of the ethanolic extract from Cytisus multiflorus, respectively. Also, it exhibited a
high antioxidative capacity, with an EC50 value of 29,7 μg/ml. Moreover, the interpretation
of the fragmentation pathways under ESI-MS/MS of the collected HPLC fractions allowed
concluding that the main phenolic compounds in the plant included chrysin and some
glycoside derivatives of luteonine and quercetin. Thus, the overall results suggest that the phenolic extract of the Cytisus multiflorus can be claimed as a good source of natural antioxidants.|
|Peer Reviewed: ||yes|
|Appears in Collections:||DTDT - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI|
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