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|Title:||Recent progresses in the development of more reliable predictions of average molecular weights and chain-lenght distributions for complex irreversible non-linear polymerizations|
Costa, Mário Rui
|Citation:||Dias, Rolando; Costa, Mário (2005) - Recent progresses in the development of more reliable predictions of average molecular weights and chain-lenght distributions for complex irreversible non-linear polymerizations. In 9th International Chemical Engeneering Conference: CHEMPOR. Coimbra. ISBN 972-8055-13-7.|
|Abstract:||Prediction of the structure of branched polymers is a challenging problem, for which only more or less clumsy mathematical solutions have been made available for a long time in the case of kinetically controlled polymerizations. The matter has, nevertheless, considerable economic significance. For instance, a controlled amount of long branching is known to have many benefits on the rheologic properties the widely used polyolefins (Nele et al., 2003). Development of processes and their optimization could benefit a lot with models with better predictive capacities. Progresses in applied mathematics could at last bring about a considerable improvement in this situation. This paper reviews recent methods (Costa and Dias, 2003; Dias and Costa, 2003, 2005) allowing the direct computation of moments (i. e. avoiding Hulburt-Katz closures) of polymer chain length distributions, even in the presence of gel, overcoming past difficulties in their computational implementation. Description of non-linear free radical polymerizations is now possible, thanks to the development methods for solving highly stiff two point boundary value problems (Cash et. al., 2001). Chain length distributions are obtained by adapting algorithms better known with Laplace transform inversion (Papoulis, 1956; Weeks, 1966; Durbin, 1974). Numerous past inconsistencies leading to unwanted errors are now avoided through the use of well-founded chemical and mathematical principles.|
|Appears in Collections:||DTQB - Artigos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
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