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Title: Phytochemical profiles and inhibitory effect on free radical-induced human erythrocyte damage of Dracaena draco leaf: A potential novel antioxidant agent
Authors: Santos, R.P.
Mendes, L.S.
Silva, B.M.
Pinho, P. Guedes de
Valentão, P.
Andrade, P.B.
Pereira, J.A.
Carvalho, M.
Keywords: Dracaena draco leaf
Organic acids
Haemolysis inhibition
Antioxidant activity
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Santos, R.P.; Mendes, L.S.; Silva, B.M.; Guedes de Pinho, P.; Valentão, P.; Andrade, P.B.; Pereira, J. A.; Carvalho, M. (2011) - Phytochemical profiles and inhibitory effect on free radical-induced human erythrocyte damage of Dracaena draco leaf: A potential novel antioxidant agent. Food Chemistry. ISSN 0308-8146. 124:3, p. 927-934.
Abstract: The present study reports for the first time the metabolite profile and antioxidant activity of aqueous extract obtained from Dracaena draco L. leaf. Volatiles profile was determined by HS-SPME/GC-IT-MS, with 34 compounds being identified, distributed by distinct chemical classes: 2 alcohols, 5 aldehydes, 16 carotenoid derivatives and 8 terpenic compounds. Carotenoid derivative compounds constituted the most abundant class in leaf (representing 45% of total identified compounds). Phenolics profile was determined by HPLC/DAD and 9 constituents were identified: 2 hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives – 5- O-caffeoylquinic and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acids; 4 hydroxycinnamic acids – caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic acids and 3 flavonol glycosides – quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside. The most abundant phenolic compound is quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (representing 50.2% of total polyphenols). Organic acids composition was also characterised, by HPLC–UV and oxalic, citric, malic and fumaric acids were determined. Oxalic and citric acids were present in higher amounts (representing 47%, each). The antioxidant potential of this material was assessed by the ability to protect against free radical-induced biomembrane damage, using human erythrocyte as in vitro model. Leaf extract strongly protected the erythrocyte membrane from haemolysis (IC50 of 39 ± 11 lg/ml), in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. This is the first report showing that D. draco leaf is a promising antioxidant agent.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0308-8146
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Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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