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Title: Chemical assessment and in vitro antioxidant capacity of Ficus carica latex
Author: Oliveira, A.P.
Silva, L.R.
Ferreres, F.
Pinho, P. Guedes de
Valentão, P.
Silva, B.M.
Pereira, J.A.
Andrade, P.B.
Keywords: Ficus carica latex
Organic acids
Antioxidant potential
Acetylcholinesterase inhibition
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: ACS
Citation: Oliveira, A.P.; Silva, L.R.; Ferreres, F.; Guedes de Pinho, P.; Valentão, P.; Silva, B.M.; Pereira, J. A.; Andrade, P.B. (2010) - Chemical assessment and in vitro antioxidant capacity of Ficus carica latex. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. ISSN 0021-8561. 58:6, p. 3393-3398.
Abstract: Ficus species possess latex-like material within their vasculatures, affording protection and selfhealing from physical attacks. In this work, metabolite profiling was performed on Ficus carica latex. Volatiles profile was determined by HS-SPME/GC-IT-MS, with 34 compounds being identified, distributed by distinct chemical classes: 5 aldehydes, 7 alcohols, 1 ketone, 9 monoterpenes, 9 sesquiterpenes and 3 other compounds. Sesquiterpenes constituted the most abundant class in latex (ca. 91% of total identified compounds). Organic acids composition was also characterized, by HPLC-UV, and oxalic, citric, malic, quinic, shikimic and fumaric acids were determined. Malic and shikimic acids were present in higher amounts (ca. 26%, each). The antioxidant potential of this material was checked by distinct in vitro chemical assays. A concentration-dependent activity was noticed against DPPH, nitric oxide and superoxide radicals. Additionally, acetylcholinesterase inhibitory capacity was evaluated, but a weak effect was found.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0021-8561
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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