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Title: Temporal pattern of africanization in a feral honeybee population from Texas inferred from mitochondrial DNA
Author: Pinto, M. Alice
Rubink, William L.
Coulson, Robert N.
Patton, John C.
Johnston, J. Spencer
Keywords: Africanization
Africanized honeybee
Apis mellifera
Biological invasion
Mitochondrial DNA haplotype
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Wiley, The Society for the Study of Evolution
Citation: Pinto, M. Alice; Rubink, William L.; Coulson, Robert N.; Patton, John C.; Johnston, J. Spencer (2004) - Temporal pattern of africanization in a feral honeybee population from Texas inferred from mitochondrial DNA. Evolution. ISSN: 1558-5646. 58:5, p. 1047-1055
Abstract: The invasion of Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Americas provides a window of opportunity to study the dynamics of secondary contact of subspecies of bees that evolved in allopatry in ecologically distinctive habitats of the Old World. We report here the results of an 11-year mitochondrial DNA survey of a feral honeybee population from southern United States (Texas). The mitochondrial haplotype (mitotype) frequencies changed radically during the 11-year study period. Prior to immigration of Africanized honeybees, the resident population was essentially of eastern and western European maternal ancestry. Three years after detection of the first Africanized swarm there was a mitotype turnover in the population from predominantly eastern European to predominantly A. m. scutellata (ancestor of Africanized honeybees). This remarkable change in the mitotype composition coincided with arrival of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor, which was likely responsible for severe losses experienced by colonies of European ancestry. From 1997 onward the population stabilized with most colonies of A. m. scutellata maternal origin.
Peer review: yes
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Appears in Collections:ARN - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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