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Title: Crops use-efficiency of nitrogen from manures permitted in organic farming
Author: Rodrigues, M.A.
Pereira, A.
Cabanas, J.E.
Dias, L.G.
Pires, Jaime
Arrobas, Margarida
Keywords: N management
Commercial organic amendment
Anion exchange membrane
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: European Journal of Agronomy. ISSN 1161-0301. 25:4 (2006) p. 328-335
Abstract: The current increase in the organic agriculture segment has created a new market for fertilisers permitted for use in organic farming. Off-farm N sources for organic farming are scarce, considering the restriction on the use of chemical fertilisers. Thus, when some products are permitted in organic agriculture, commercial opportunities become available. In this study we compare the performances of Vegethumus (Veg) and Phenix (Phe), two manures that are permitted in organic farming, with several other manures, ammonium nitrate (AN) and control treatments. A 3-year field trial and a pot experiment were carried out in order to estimate dry matter yield, N uptake, and N nutritional status of the crops, as well as soil N availability, the latter was assessed by using anion exchange membranes inserted into the soil. Apparent N recovery (ANR) values in the field trial were 6.3% and 58.2% in Veg and AN plots, respectively, after the application of 380 kg N/ha in the previous five growing seasons. In the pot experiment, the ANR of Veg and Phe, the organic amendments permitted in organic farming, were 5.0% and 13.6%, while Beiraadubo (Bei) and Nutrisoil (Nut) had ANR of 27.2% and 42.0%. The poor results of the amendments permitted in organic farming, in light of their high prices suggest that their use must be carefully considered by farmer in their fertilization strategies.
ISSN: 1161-0301
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Appears in Collections:PTV - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus

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