Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/16040
Título: Predatory potential of two functional groups of spiders on Philaenus spumarius
Autor: Banhadi-Marín, J.
Villa, María
Baptista, Paula
Pereira, J.A.
Data: 2017
Citação: Banhadi-Marín, J.; Villa, María; Baptista, Paula; Pereira, J.A. (2017). Predatory potential of two functional groups of spiders on Philaenus spumarius. In European Conference in Xylella. Finding answers to a global problem. Palma de Mallorca
Resumo: There is an urgent need of increasing the knowledge about natural enemies of Philaenus spumarius and finding strategies to limit the spread of X. fastidiosa. Generalist predators, such as spiders, can arise as potential natural control agents. Determining the functional response is crucial for understanding the potentiality of a predator as biological control agent. In this work, the functional response of two widespread palearctic spider species belonging to two different functional groups was assessed. The ambusher spider Synema globosum and the orb-weaver Araniella cucurbitina were used as model species and P. spumarius as prey under laboratory conditions. In parallel, Ceratitis capitata was also used as prey in order to compare the spiders´ predatory potential between a non-flying insect (P. spumarius) and a flying one (C. capitata). A. cucurbitina and S. globosum showed a type II and type I functional response respectively when fed with P. spumarius and a type II response when fed with C. capitata. Both the handling time and attack rate were significantly different between spider species when fed with P. spumarius (p<0.01) and between prey types for each spider functional group (p<0.01). The results suggest that S. globosum was more efficient capturing spittlebugs one by one than A. cucurbitina. On the contrary, A. cucurbitina was more efficient killing flies in webs than S. globosum.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/16040
Aparece nas colecções:CIMO - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados à WoS/Scopus

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