Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/15081
Título: Improvement of sensorial and volatile profiles of olive oil by addition of olive leaves
Autor: Malheiro, Ricardo
Rodrigues, Nuno
Bissaro, Camila Andressa
Leimann, Fernanda Vitória
Casal, Susana
Ramalhosa, Elsa
Pereira, J.A.
Palavras-chave: Olive leaves
Malaxation
Olive oil
Sensorial
Response surface
Data: 2017
Citação: Malheiro, Ricardo; Rodrigues, Nuno; Bissaro, Camila; Leimann, Fernanda; Casal, Susana; Ramalhosa, Elsa; Pereira, J.A. (2017) – Improvement of sensorial and volatile profiles of olive oil by addition of olive leaves. European Journal of Lipid Science And Technology. ISSN 1438-7697. 119 , p. 1-11
Resumo: The changes caused by the addition of olive leaves (0, 5, and 10%) during the extraction of olive oil and malaxation time (20, 30, and 30 min) in the volatile profile and sensory attributes of olive oil from cv. Cobrançosa were studied. To investigate such transformations, a central composite designs from the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used, retrieving 13 runs combining leaf percentages and malaxation times. Each run was extracted in triplicate (39 olive oils overall). Sensory attributes were improved to leaves addition, mainly green and fruitiness attributes in olfactory and gustatory-olfactory sensations, but high malaxation times ( > 30 min) reduced pungent and bitter notes. Leaves addition increased the amounts of total volatiles, particularly the GLV's (green leaves volatiles) (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenal, and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, directly correlated with the improved sensory attributes. RSM models a showed positive linear effect with leaves addition, but a negative effect with malaxation time. These results suggest the use of olive leaves as effective odorants for the olive mill industry, while enabling the reduction of malaxation times and by-product amounts. Practical applications: The results obtained clearly open new lines of research to use olive leaves, a sub-product of olive oil extraction, in a valuable way. Olive leaves can be used as natural sources of odorants for olive oils. Furthermore, their use during the extraction of olive oils from overmature olives may also lead to an improvement of the volatile fraction and provide enhanced sensory properties to the consumers, thus conferring an added value to these oils. Another important practical application is the extraction process. In our work, we advise to optimize both the percentage of leaves and the malaxation time as much as possible, as they facilitate both sensory and volatile fractions of the extracted olive oils. Sensory attributes are improved to leaves addition, mainly green and fruitiness attributes in olfactory 17 and gustatory-olfactory sensations, but high malaxation times ( > 30 min) reduced pungent and bitter 18 notes. Leaves addition increase the amounts of total volatiles, particularly the GLV's (green leaves 19 volatiles) (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenal, and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, directly cor related with the improved 20 sensory attributes. RSM models a show positive linear effect with leaves addition, but a negative effect 21 with malaxation time. These results suggest the use of olive leaves as effective odorants for the olive mill 22 industry, while enabling the reduction of malaxation times and by-product amounts.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/15081
DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201700177
ISSN: 1438-7697
Aparece nas colecções:CIMO - Artigos em Revistas Indexados à WoS/Scopus

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