Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/1493
Título: Thermodynamic equilibrium and reaction kinetics for the esterification of lactic acid with ethanol catalyzed by acid ion-exchange resin
Autor: Pereira, Carla
Pinho, Simão
Silva, Viviana
Rodrigues, A.E.
Palavras-chave: Esterification
Thermodynamics
Kinetics
Catalyst
Data: 2008
Editora: ACS
Citação: Pereira, Carla; Pinho, Simão; Silva, Viviana; Rodrigues, Alírio (2008) - Thermodynamic equilibrium and reaction kinetics for the esterification of lactic acid with ethanol catalyzed by acid ion-exchange resin. Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research. ISSN 1520-5045. 47:5 issue 47(5), p.1453-1463
Resumo: The heterogeneous catalysis of lactic acid (88 wt %) esterification with ethanol in the presence of Amberlyst 15-wet was studied for catalyst loading of 1.2-3.9 wt %, initial molar ratio of reactants of 1.1-2.8, and temperature from 50 to 90 °C. In this work a methodology based on the UNIQUAC model was developed to determine the thermodynamic equilibrium constant since in the literature there is inconsistency concerning the temperature dependence of the thermodynamic equilibrium constant. A simplified Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic model was used to predict the experimental data. The proposed rate law is r ) kc(aEthaLa - aELaW/ K)/(1 + KEthaEth + KWaW)2; the kinetic parameters are the preexponential factor, kc,0 ) 2.70 107 molâg-1âmin-1, and the activation energy, Ea ) 49.98 kJ/mol. The equilibrium reaction constant is K ) 19.35 exp(-515.13/T (K)) with reaction enthalpy 4.28 kJ/mol. The model reasonably predicts the kinetic experimental data, and it will be very useful to apply to the design and optimization of industrial hybrid reactive separation processes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/1493
ISSN: 1520-5045
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