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|Título:||Indicators of movement and space use for two co-occurring invasive crayfish species|
|Citação:||Anastácio, P.M.; Banha, F.; Capinha, C.; Bernardo, J.M.; Costa, A.M.; Teixeira, Amílcar; Bruxelas, S. (2015) - Indicators of movement and space use for two co-occurring invasive crayfish species. Ecological Indicators. ISSN 1470-160X. 53, p. 171–181|
|Resumo:||Red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) and signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) are two invasive freshwater species with a worldwide distribution. The objective of this work was to investigate how the two species move and use space in an area of recent coexistence. Simultaneously, we test the use of new tools and indices to describe their movement patterns. To accomplish this we performed a radio-tracking program within a river-type habitat during two different periods (September/October 2010 and June/July 2013). We used spatial analysis tools to map crayfish radio-location data with and without accounting for the curvature of the river. To assess the consistency of the direction of movement and of the distances traveled by crayfish, two indices were developed. To assess the habitat preferences of each species we applied Ivlev’s Electivity Index and the Standardized Forage Ratio. Movement of P. clarkii and P. leniusculus differed. The average detected movement was 8.8 m day−1for P. clarkii and 17.5 m day−1forP. leniusculus. However, crayfish behavior ranged from almost complete immobility – sometimes during several days – to large movements, in half a day, up to a maximum of 255 m for P. clarkii and 461 m for P. leniusculus. The proportion of upstream or downstream movements was independent of the speciesand both species displayed no preference for either direction. The indices of consistency of movement showed a large interindividual variation. Species and period (2010 or 2013) affected the mean daily distance traveled, maximum observed distance from location of release and percentage of observations under vegetation cover. The Ivlev’s Electivity Index and the Standardized Forage Ratio presented similar results. P. clarkii showed a preference for pool areas with riparian vegetation cover while P. Leniusculus preferred riffle and pool areas with riparian vegetation cover. Our work provided new and valuable data for modelling the active dispersal of these two problematic invaders in a context of coexistence.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ARN - Artigos em Revistas Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
Ficheiros deste registo:
|3. 2015 Anastácio et al Crayfish Ecolind.pdf||1,96 MB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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