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|Título:||Fire behaviour of tabique walls|
Traditional building techniques
|Citação:||Araújo, Alexandre; Fonseca, E.M.M.; Ferreira, Débora; Piloto, P.A.G. Pinto, J.M (2015) - Fire behaviour of tabique walls. In International Fire Safety Symposium 2015. ISBN 978-989-98435-3-0. Coimbra, Portugal.|
|Resumo:||The tabique is one of the main Portuguese traditional building techniques, which is based on raw materials as earth and wood. In general, a tabique wall is formed by a simple timber structure covered by an earth-based material. Earth has an important role in this system because it protects the internal timber structure along with its finishing function. The Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro is the northeast region of Portugal and it is very rich in terms of tabique construction heritage. Nowadays, the existing tabique constructions show a generalized and advanced stage of deterioration [1, 2, 3]. This aspect, associated to the fact that there is still a lack of scientific studies in this field, motivated this research work which main goals are to study, both experimental and numerical, the behaviour of this solution in terms of fire reaction using different earth-based material thicknesses. Also, it is intended to motivate and to give guidance for future rehabilitation works in this field. In relation to the earth-based mortar, and based on previous studies, it was shown that it is a material with adequate fire resistance. When exposed to fire action the wood material shows a decomposition process (pyrolysis) and produces a surrounding charring depth layer. On the fire exposure side a charcoal layer, without effective resistance, causes the reduction of the element cross-section. However, this charring depth layer can delay the heating process, from the exposed side, to the wood core section and act as an excellent insulating material. When compared to steel or concrete structures, wooden structures have therefore an improved structural behaviour .|
|Aparece nas colecções:||DMA - Resumos em Proceedings Não Indexados ao ISI/Scopus|
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