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|Título:||Thymus zygis and thymus pulegioides as a source of phenolic compounds|
|Autor:||Pereira, Olívia R.|
Afonso, Andrea F.
Cardoso, Susana M.
|Editora:||Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research|
|Citação:||Pereira, Olívia R.; Afonso, Andrea F.; Domingues, Vasco; Cardoso, Susana M. (2014) - Thymus zygis and thymus pulegioides as a source of phenolic compounds. In 62nd International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research (GA). Guimarães|
|Resumo:||Thymus is an important genus in the West Mediterranean region, where many species are cultivated for confection of several dishes, including salads, soups, stews and sauces. Many Thymus, including T. zygis and T. pulegioides are also commonly used in traditional medicine . Whist phenolic compounds are commonly associated to health-beneficial properties of Thymus, the specific phenolic composition of T. zygis and T. pulegioides is presently unknown . The extracts of the aerial parts of T. zygis and T. pulegioides species were prepared with hot water as previously described . Total phenolic contents were determined according to the adapted Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetric method  and the identification of the phenolic compounds was performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-DAD). The extracts of T. zygis and T. pulegioides contained 319±44 and 391±3 μg GAE/mg, respectively. Likewise other Thymus species , both extracts were enriched in caffeic acid derivatives, showing characteristic UV spectra maxima at 290 and 328 nm. The latter included rosmarinic acid (MW 360) and 3′-O-(8″-Z-caffeoyl)rosmarinic acid (MW 538) . The two extracts also contained moderate amounts of the flavone luteolin-7-O-glucoside (MW 448) that has been previously described in others Thymus species . Yet, T. zygis and T. pulegioides phenolic profiles could be clearly distinguished: while the first had high levels of the phenolic acid salvianolic acid K (MW 556; UV spectra maxima at 288, 322), the extract of T. pulegioides was enriched in eriodictyol-O-hexoside and derivatives, with typical UV spectra maxima at 283 nm. Note that salvianolic acid K has been previously described in T. vulgaris while eriodictyol-O-hexoside derivatives were previously found in T. vulgaris and T. serpyllum . The phenolic compounds of T. zygis and T. pulegioides are here described for the first time.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CIMO - Posters em Encontros Científicos Internacionais|
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|GA_Tzygis and Tpulegioides.pdf||589,68 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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